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STARFLAG "Understanding patterns of animal group movements"



I sistemi composti da un elevato numero di soggetti interagenti esibiscono proprietà e comportamenti emergenti che si discostano e non sono deducibili dal comportamento e le proprietà del singolo soggetto. Questo ambizioso progetto Europeo (costituito da sette “nodi”, di cui tre in Italia, uno in Francia, uno in Ungheria, uno nei Paesi Bassi, uno in Germania) riunisce esperti di fisica teorica, biologia evolutiva, ornitologia, etologia ed economia con lo scopo di studiare la struttura spaziale e i comportamenti collettivi dei gruppi di storni (Sturnus vulgaris, una specie ornitica molto comune nelle nostre città, dove si riunisce in immensi dormitori urbani invernali) per ricavarne modelli e regole che governano i fenomeni di massa nei sistemi biologici, inclusa la specie umana.

Nel sito ufficiale del progetto, (http://angel.elte.hu/starling/), curato e aggiornato dal nodo ungherese, si puo’ accedere, tra l’altro, a foto e video di stormi di storni in evoluzione nei cieli romani.

Per chi fosse interessato ad approfondimenti bibliografici, si riporta una selezione di referenze scientifiche sul comportamento sociale e i fenomeni collettivi.

< 2000

1) Bahr DB, Bekoff M 1999 Predicting flock vigilance from simple passerine interactions: modelling with cellular automata. Animal Behaviour 58, 831-839.
2) Bekoff M 1996 Cognitive ethology, vigilance, information gathering, and representation: who might know what and why? Behavioural Processes 35, 225-237.
3) Caccamise DF, Lyon LA 1983 Seasonal patterns in roosting flocks of starlings and common grackles. Condor 85, 474-481.
4) Caccamise DF 1991 European starling fidelity to diurnal activity centres - role of foraging substrate quality. Wilson Bulletin 103, 13 " 24.
5) Caraco T, Martindale S, Pulliam HR 1982 Avian flocking in the presence of a predator. Nature 285, 400-401.
6) Cresswell W 1994 Flocking is an effective anti-predation strategy in redshanks, Tringa totanus. Animal Behaviour 47, 433-442.
7) Dall SRX, Cuthill, IC 1997 Learning about food starling, skinner boxes, and earthworms. Journal of Experimental Analysis of Behavior 67, 181-192.
8) Dall SRX, Cuthill IC 1997 Searching in patches by European starlings, Sturnus vulgaris. Behavioural Processes 39, 149-159.
9) Eastwood E, Isted GA, Rider GC 1962 Radar ring angels and the roosting behaviour of starlings. Proceedings Biological Sciences 156, 242-267.
10) Eens M 1997 Understanding the complex song of the European starling: an integrated ethological approach. Advances in The Study of Behaviour 26, 355-434.
11) Elgar MA1989 Predator vigilance and group size in mammals and birds: a critical review of the evidence. Biological Reviews 64, 13-33.
12) Keys GC, Dugatkin AL 1990 Flock size and position effects on vigilance, aggression, and prey capture in the European Starling. Condor 92, 151-159.
13) Gwinner E 1977. Photoperiodic synchronization of circannual rhythms in the European starling (Sturnus vulgaris) Naturwissenschaften 64, 44-45.
14) Hamilton WD 1971 Geometry for the selfish herd. Journal of Theoretical Biology 31, 295-311.
15) Larkin PA, A. Walton 1969 Fish school size and migration. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 26, 1372-1374.
16) Lima SL, Dill LM 1990 Behavioural decisions made under the risk of predation. Canadian Journal of Zoology 68, 619-640.
17) Lima SL 1994 Collective detection of predatory attack by birds in the absence of alarm signals. Journal of Avian Biology 25, 319-326.
18) Major PF, Dill LM 1978. The three-dimensional structure of airborne bird flocks. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 4, 111-122.
19) Martin GR 1986. The eye of a passeriform bird, the European starling (Sturnus vulgaris): eye movement amplitude, visual fields and schematic optics. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 159, 545-557.
20) Morrison DW, Caccamise DF 1985 Ephemeral roosts and stable patches? A radiotelemetry study of communally roosting starlings. Auk 102, 793-804.
21) Nottestad L, Axelsen BE 1999 Herring schooling manoeuvres in response to killer whale attacks. Canadian Journal of Zoology 77, 1540-1546.
22) Parrish JK 1993 Comparison of the hunting behaviour of 4 piscine predators attacking schooling prey. Ethology 95, 233-246.
23) Partridge BL, Pitcher TJ, Cullen JM, Wilson J 1980. The three-dimensional structure of fish schools. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 6, 277-288.
24) Partridge BL, Johansson J, Kalish 1983 The structure of schools of giant bluefin tuna in Cape Cod Bay. Environmental Biology of Fishes 9, 253-262.
25) Roberts G 1997 How many birds does it take to put a flock to flight? Animal Behaviour 54, 1517-1522.
26) Templeton JJ, Giraldeau LA 1995. Public information cues affect the scrounging decisions of starlings. Animal Behaviour 49, 1617-1626.
27) Templeton JJ, Giraldeau LA 1996. Various sampling: The use of personal and public information by starlings foraging in a simple patchy environment. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 38, 105 -114.
28) Ward P, Zahavi A 1973. The importance of certain assemblages of birds as information centres for food finding. Ibis 115, 517-534.
29) Whitehead ST, Wright J, Cotton PA 1995. Winter field use by the European starling Sturnus vulgaris - habitat preferences and the availability of prey. Journal of Avian Biology 26, 1617- 1626.

2000-2004

1) Carbone C, Thompson WA, Zadorina L, Rowcliff JM 2003 Competition, predation risk and patterns of flock expansion in Barnacle geese (Branta leucopsis) Journal of Zoology London 259, 301-308.
2) Conradt L, Roper TJ. 2000 Activity synchrony and social cohesion: a fission-fusion model. Proceedings Biological Sciences 267, 2213-8.
3) Conradt, L & Roper TJ 2003 Group decision making in animals. Nature 421, 155-158.
4) Danchin E, Giraldeau LA, Valone TJ, Wagner RH 2004 Public information: from nosy neighbors to cultural evolution. Science 305, 487-491.
5) Farkas I, Helbing D, Vicsek T. 2002 Mexican waves in an excitable medium. Nature 419, 131-2.
6) Fernandez-Juricic E, Erichsen JT, Kacelnik A 2004 Visual perception and social foraging in birds. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19, 25-31.
7) Fernandez-Juricic E, Kacelnik A. 2004 Information transfer and gain in flocks: the effects of quality and quantity of social information at different neighbour distances. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 55, 502-511.
8) Fernandez-Juricic, E. Kerr B, Bednekoff PA, Stephens DW 2004. When are two heads better than one? Visual perception and information transfer affect vigilance coordination in foraging groups. Behavioral Ecology 15, 898-906.
9) Giraldeau LA, Valone TJ, Templeton JJ 2002. Potential disadvantages of using socially acquired information. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society London B 357, 1559-1566.
10) Greenwood VJ, Smith EL, Church SC, Partridge JC 2003 Behavioural investigation of polarization sensitivity in the Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica)and the European starling(Sturnus vulgaris). Journal of Experimental Biology 206, 3201-3210.
11) Hedenström A, Rosén M 2001 Predator versus prey: on aerial hunting and escape strategies in birds. Behavioral Ecology 12, 150-156.
12) Kunz HP, Hemelrijk C 2003 Artificial fish schools: collective effects of school size, body size, and body form. Artificial Life 9, 237-253.
13) Kilpatrick AM, Ives AR 2003 Species interactions can explain Taylor’s power law for ecological time series. Nature 422, 65-68.
14) Nephew BC, Romero L 2003 Behavioral, physiological and endocrine responses of starlings to acute increases in density. Hormones and Behavior 44, 222-232.
15) Templeton JJ, Gonzales DP 2004 Reversed lateralization of visual discriminative abilities in the European starlings. Animal Behaviour 67, 783-788.
16) Saloma C, Perez GJ, Tapang G, Lim M, Palmes-Saloma C. 2003. Self-organized queuing and scale-free behavior in real escape panic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA100, 11947-11952.
17) Schuck-Paim C, Pompilio L, Kacelnik A. 2004. State-dependent decisions cause apparent violations of rationality in animal choice. PLOS Biology 12, 2305-2315.
18) Vasquez RA, Kacelnik A 2000 Foraging rate versus sociality in the starling Sturnus vulgaris Proceedings Biological Sciences 267, 157-164.
19) Wooders M, Cartwright E, Stelten R. 2003. Social Conformity in Games with Many Players. The Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei Note di Lavoro Sriex Index

2005

1) Benigni R, Colosimo A, Giuliani A, Sirabella P, Zbilut JP (Eds) 2005 Complexity in the living: a problem-oriented approach. Rome, September 28-30, 2004. Rapporti Istisan 05/20 Proceedings available at (http://w3.uniroma1.it/cisb/complexity/fr_proceedings.htm)
2) Bosbach S, Cole J, Prinz W, Knoblich G. 2005 Inferring another's expectation from action: the role of peripheral sensation. Nature Neuroscience 8, 1295-1297.
3) Cant ET, Smith AD, Reynolds DR, Osborne JL 2005 Tracking butterfly flight paths across the landscape with harmonic radar. Proceedings Biological Sciences 272, 785-790.
4) Conradt L, Roper TJ. 2005 Consensus decision making in animals. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 20, 449-56.
5) Kuhnen CL, Knutson B 2005 The neural basis of financial risk taking. Neuron 47, 763-770.
6) Janson S, Middendorf M, Beekman M 2005 Honeybees swarms: how do scouts guide a swarm of uninformed bees? Animal Behaviour 70, 349-358.
7) Gazda SK, Connor, RC, Edgar RK, Cox F 2005 A division of labour with role specialization in group-hunting bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) off Cedar Key, Florida. Proceedings Biological Science 272, 135-40.
8) Gope C, Kehtamavaz N, Hillman G, Würsig B 2005 An affine invariant curve matching method for photo-identification of marine mammals. Pattern Recognition 38. 125-132.
9) Hemelrijk, C, Wantia J 2005 Individual variation by self-organization. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 29, 125-136.
10) Janson S, Middendorf M, Meekman M. 2005. Honeybee swarms: How do scouts guide a swarm of uniform bees? Animal Behaviour 70, 349-358.
11) Mawson AR 2005. Understanding mass panic and other collective responses to threat and disaster. Psychiatry 68, 95-113.
12) Nephew BC, Aaron RS, Romero LM 2005. Effects of arginine vasotocin (AVT) on the behavioral, cardiovascular, and corticosterone responses of starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) to crowding. Hormones and Behavior 47, 280-289.
13) Palla G, Derenyi I, Farkas I, Vicsek T. 2005 Uncovering the overlapping community structure of complex networks in nature and society. Nature 435, 814-8.
14) Quinn JL, Cresswell W 2005 Escape response delays in wintering redshank, Tringa totanus, flocks: perceptual limits and economic decisions. Animal Behaviour 69, 1285-1292.
15) Sol D, Lefebvre L, Rodriguez-Teijeiro JD 2005 Brain size, innovative propensity and migratory behaviour in temperate Palaearctic birds. Proceedings Biological Sciences 272, 1433-1441.
16) Stankowich T, Blumstein DT 2005 Fear in animals: a meta-analysis and review of risk assessment. Proceedings Biological Sciences 272, 2627-2634.
17) Sugrue LP, Corrado GS, Newsome WT 2005 Choosing the greater of two goods: neural currencies for valuation and decision making. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 6, 363-375.
18) Sward GA, Lorch PD, Gwynne PD 2005 Insect behaviour: migratory bands give crickets protection Nature 433, 703.
19) Templeton CN, Greene E, Davis K 2005 Allometry of alarm calls: black capped chickadees encode information about predator size. Science 308, 1934-1937.

2006

1) Ame JM, Halloy J, Rivault C, Detrain C, Deneubourg JL. 2006 Collegial decision making based on social amplification leads to optimal group formation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA 103, 5835-5840.
2) Biro D, Sumpter DJT, Meade J, Guilford T 2006 From compromise to leadership in pigeon homing. Current Biology 16, 2123-2128.
3) Buhl J, Sumpter DJ, Couzin ID, Hale JJ, Despland E, Miller ER, Simpson SJ. 2006 From disorder to order in marching locusts.
Science. 312, 1402-1406.
4) Burtsev M, Turchin P 2006 Evolution of cooperative strategies from first principles. Nature 440, 1041-1044.
5) Couzin ID. 2006 Behavioral ecology: social organization in fission-fusion societies. Current Biology 16, 169-71.
6) Couzin ID, Krause J, Franks NR, Levin SA. 2005 Effective leadership and decision-making in animal groups on the move. Nature 433, 513-6.
7) Deveraux CL, Whittingham MJ, Fernandez-Juricic E, Vickery JA, Krebs JR 2006 Predator detection and avoidance by starlings under different scenarios of predation risk. Behavioral Ecology 17, 303-309.
8) Edwards S, Self DW 2006 Monogamy: dopamine ties the knot. Nature Neuroscience 9, 7-8.
9) Goodson JL, Wang Y. 2006 Valence-sensitive neurons exhibit divergent functional profiles in gregarious and asocial species. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA 103, 17013-17017.
10) Goodson JL, Evans AK, Wang Y 2006 Neuropeptide binding reflects convergent and divergent evolution in species-typical group sizes. Hormones and Behavior 50, 223-236.
11) Haesler S, Wada K, Nshdejan A, Morrisey EE, Lints T, Jarvis ED, Scharff C. 2004 FoxP2 expression in avian vocal learners and non-learners. Journal of Neuroscience 24, 3164-75.
12) Heitora F, Ooma M do Mar, Vicente L 2006 Social relationships in a herd of Sorraia horses Part I. Correlates of social dominance and contexts of aggression. Behavioural Processes 73, 170-77.
13) Lee S-H, Pak HK, Chon T-S 2006 Dynamics of prey-flock escaping behavior in response to predator’s attack. Journal of Theoretical Biology 240, 250-259.
14) Mennechez G, Clergeau P 2006 Effect of urbanisation on habitat generalists: starlings not so flexible? Acta Oecologica 30, 182-91.
15) Parisi G 2006 Spin glasses and fragile glasses: statics, dynamics, and complexity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA 103, 7948-7955.
16) Pratt SC, Sumpter DJT 2006 A tunable algorithm for collective decision making Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA 103, 15906-15910.
17) Scantlebury M, Speakman JR, Oosthuizen MK, Roper TJ, Bennett NC. 2006 Energetics reveals physiologically distinct castes in a eusocial mammal. Nature 440, 795-797.
18) Schneidman E, Berry II MJ, Segev R, Bialek W 2006 Weak pairwise correlations imply strongly correlated network states in a neural population. Nature 440, 1007-1012.
19) Schroeder MB, Riters LV 2006 Pharmacological manipulations of dopamine and opioids have differential effects on secually motivated song in male European starlings. Physiology and Behavior 88, 575-584.
20) Sirot E. 2006 Social information, antipredatory vigilance and flight in bird flocks. Animal Behaviour 72, 373-382.
21) Skov-Rackette SI, Miller NY, Shettleworth SJ 2006. What-Where-When Memory in Pigeons. Journal of Experimental Psychology Animal Behavior Processes 32, 345-358.
22) Soyer OS, Bonhoeffer S 2006 Evolution of complexity in signaling pathways. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA 103, 16337-16342.
23) The Honeybee Genome Sequencing Consortium 2006 Insights into social insects from the genome of the honeybee Apis mellifera. Nature 443, 931-949.
24) Uchida N, Kepecs A, Mainen ZF. 2006 Seeing at a glance, smelling in a whiff: rapid forms of perceptual decision making. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 7 485-91.

Pubblicato il 15-11-2006 in Attività di ricerca , aggiornato al 27-06-2008

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